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中国当代著名建筑师戴志中

2014-2-12 15:31| 发布者: ccbuild| 查看: 1607| 评论: 0

摘要: 2、基本信息 戴志中,男 出生日期:1948年12月5日 工作单位:重庆大学建筑城规学院/重庆大学建筑设计研究院 职务职称:教授/博士研究生导师/总建筑师 职业注册情况:一级注册建筑师 2 Dai Zhizhong, Male, Birthdat ...

2、基本信息

戴志中,男

出生日期:1948年12月5日

工作单位:重庆大学建筑城规学院/重庆大学建筑设计研究院

职务职称:教授/博士研究生导师/总建筑师

职业注册情况:一级注册建筑师

2  Dai Zhizhong, Male,

Birthdate: 5,Dec,1948

Working Unit:

Professor and Doctoral Tutor,The faculty of Architecture & Urban Planning, Chongqing University

Chief Architect, The Institute of Architecture Design & Research, Chongqing University

National first-class registered architects

3、教育和工作经历

3  experience of education and work

3.1教育背景:1982年1月重庆建筑工程学院建筑系建筑学专业本科毕业, 1986年7月重庆建筑工程学院建筑系硕士研究生毕业。

3.2最高学位:工硕士

3.3工作简历:1969年4月上山下乡,1971年12月起在建筑公司担任施工技术员。1978年02月进入重庆建筑工程学院建筑系建筑学专业学习, 1982年1月毕业后留校任教至今。

Education Background:

Graduated Jan.1982 from the undergraduate course, Chongqing Institute of Architecture & Engineering, gain Bachelor of Engineering.

Graduated July 1986 from the postgraduate course, Chongqing Institute of Architecture & Engineering, gain Master of Engineering.

Work Career:  

Workng in countryside as an Educated Youth, from April 1969;

 Working in Construction Company as a technician, from Dec.1972;

 Studying on Architecture in Chongqing Institute of Architecture & Engineering, from Feb. 1978

 Working as a teacher in Chongqing Institute of Architecture & Engineering / Chongqing University, from Feb. 1982

3.4主要作品名单:Master Works

1、1991年重庆五交化贸易大楼    

Chongqing Wu-Jiao-Hua Trade Building, 1991

2、1993年重庆“锦绣山庄”      

Chongqing “Jinxiu Mountain Villa” Neighborhood, 1993

3、2003年万州二中逸夫科技楼    

The Yifu Science & Technology Building for Wanzhou Second Middle School, Chongqing, 2001

4、2005年重庆市急救中心门诊住院综合楼

The Complex Building of Chongqing First-aid Center, Chongqing, 2005

5、2006年重庆医科大学科教综合楼

The Teaching Complex Building of Chongqing Medical University, 2006

6、2007年重庆自然博物馆

The Chongqing Nature Museum, 2007

7、2008年重庆石桥铺殡仪馆

The Chongqing Shiqiaopu Funeral Parlour,2008

8、2010年重庆市江北嘴中央公园基督教堂

The Christ Church in Central Park, Jiangbei, Chongiqng, 2010

9、2011年重庆长寿殡仪馆整体搬迁

The Funeral Parlour, Changshou, Chongqing, 2011

10、2011年重庆市江北嘴三洞桥滨水服务设施

The Waterfront Service Facility, Jiangbei, Chongqing, 2011

11、2012年重庆市江北嘴三洞桥民俗风情街

The Folk customs street, Jiangbei, Chongqing, 2012

12、2012年重庆万州江南新区消防站

The Fire Station of Jiangnan New District, Wanzhou, Chongqing, 2012

3.5获得的奖励或荣誉:Reward & Honour

1、1996年获四川省“有突出贡献的优秀专家”称号;

 Title of Excellent Expert with Outstanding Contributions, Sichuan Province, 1996

2、2002年起连续两届获“重庆市学术技术带头人(建筑设计及其理论)”称号;

  Title of Academic & technique Foregoer, Chongqing, 2002,2008

3、2002年度获国务院政府特殊津贴;

 SpecialGovernmentAllowance of theStateCouncil, 2002

4、2010年10月,获重庆市人民政府授予“重庆市工程设计大师”称号;

  The Master of Engineering Design, The Chongqing Municipal Government, 2010

5、2010年“中国山地建筑设计基础理论研究”获教育部自然科学二等奖。

  The Second Prize of Nature Science, MinistryofEducation, 2010

3.6工程项目获市级以上奖29个,主要有:

Awards of projects

⑴1996年万县“百安花园小康住宅示范区”规划设计获建设部“2000年城乡小康

 住宅示范区规划设计”优秀奖

 The Planning & design for Wanxian “Beian Garden affordable housing” won the Honorable Mention of the Ministry of Construction,1996

⑵1996年重庆“锦绣山庄”获重庆市优秀工程设计一等奖

 The “Jinxiu Mountain Villa” Neighborhood won the first-class prize of Chongqing Excellent Engineering Design,1996

⑶2001年重庆一中逸夫图书馆获逸夫基金会优秀设计奖及重庆市优秀工程设计二等奖

The YIfu Library for Chongqing First Middle School won the Honorable Mention of Yifu foundation and second-class prize of Chongqing Excellent Engineering Design,1996

⑷2003年重庆一中明善科技楼获重庆市优秀工程设计一等奖

 The Mingshan Science & Technology Building won the first-class prize of Chongqing Excellent Engineering Design, 2003

⑸2003年重庆万州二中逸夫科技楼获教育部优秀设计二等奖

 The Yifu Science & Technology Building for Wanzhou Second Middle School won the second-class prize of Excellent Engineering Design of the Ministry of Education,2003

⑹ 2005年西南医院外科大楼获教育部优秀建筑设计三等奖

 The surgical Building for Xinan Hospital won the third-class prize of Excellent Engineering Design of the Ministry of Education,2005

⑺2010年泸州医学院城北校区图书馆-国家勘协优秀建筑工程设计三等奖

 The Library for Luzhou Medical College won the third-class prize of Excellent Engineering Design of China Exploration & Design Association, 2010

⑻2010年重庆市江北城中央公园基督教堂重庆市优秀工程设计一等奖。

The Christ Church in Central Park, Jiangbei, Chongiqng won the first-class prize of Chongqing Excellent Engineering Design, 2010

⑼2010年“辽宁省盘山县新县城总体城市设计”获重庆市规划协会一等奖

 The Overall Urban Design for the New County Town of Panshan, liaoning Prvince won the first-class prize of Chongqing Planning Association, 2010

4、个人建筑理论、设计创新、创作心得  

Personal Design Theory $ Understand

4.1尊重和理解山地自然空间环境

   Respecting and understanding the natural space environment of mountain region

自然环境无穷尽的创造力,终于使来自非洲的黑皮肤祖先繁衍成了不同肤色人种,它也是造就世界各地千姿百态地域建筑文化最根本的原动力。

The natural environment has endlesscreative power,. It has made the dark skin ancestor from Africa the modern races with different skin colour, It is also the motive power which brought up fruitful regional architecture culture all over the world.

我们培养了建筑师不遗余力突显自己作品的自信,却常常忽视了在特定情境下应有的谦虚和谨慎。在山地城市,由于自然环境的特殊性,建筑与山川等自然物相随相生,营造出建筑与环境有机统一的城市整体形象和空间才是建筑创作的首要目标。尊重和理解自然环境理所当然地成为山地建筑师的重要责任和义务,为此山地建筑师必须首先深入把握山地自然空间本质及特征。

We has trained those architects with self-confident to make their works more prominent, but often ignore the modest and cautious in some specificsituation. In mountain region, the building and landscape mixed together as the specificity of nature environment. The first goal of architecture creation is making the whole urban image and space with dynamicintegration of building and environment. So It should be the important responsibility and obligation for mountainous architects to respect and understand the natural environment of mountain region. Those architects have to firstly recognize the nature and speciality of the natural environment in mountain region.

由于山川等自然物的参与,山地自然空间呈现出复杂、封闭、曲折、断续、狭小等特点,在这样复杂的三维自然环境中,要通过建筑创作营造城市空间的时候显而易见应该追求城市空间的简洁、通透、直接、连续、宽敞,这是一种“反其道而行之”的设计思维,对山地建筑形态设计理念影响极大;

As existing those mountains and rivers, the nature space of mountain region

presents the features of complexity, seal, winding, chopping, narrow. To build urban space through architecture creation in such complicatedthree-dimensional natural environment, certainly the architects should pursue the urban space with the features of concise, open,direct,continuation, wide. This is a special thinking called ‘act in a exact opposite way’ which affects the design idea of mountainous architecture tremendously.

另一方面,同样由于山川等自然物的参与,山地自然空间也具有多视点、多画面、多要素、多形态等多维多元特性,为此给山地建筑师提供了更多值得探讨的问题和思考问题的角度,通过建筑创作而营造城市空间的时候又必须充分考虑和利用这些自然空间特性,即这时候需要“顺其道而为之”的设计思维,它也会对山地建筑形态设计理念产生重要影响。

In other side, same as those existed mountains and rivers, the nature space of mountain region also presents those features of multi-viewpoint, multi-frames,multi-factor and multi-form which provide to those mountainous architects with more questions and more viewpoints that worth thinking about. The mountainous architects have to highly think about those features of natural space when building urban space through architecture creation. This time, the design idea of ‘act along the exact same way’ will also affect the mountainous architecture tremendously.

4.2在现实山水中营造山地建筑意境

  Build the artisticconception of mountainous architecture in practice

“意境”是中国人自古以来所独有的衡量艺术作品的最高标准。山、水在中国传统诗、画、园林以及文学作品中是意境营造的重要元素。山地建筑师在现实的山水中进行创作,“意境”也是应该追求的最高目标。

‘artisticconception’ is the highest standard to measure art works since ancienttimes. The mountain and water are the important factors in Chinese traditional poem, painting and literature to build artistic conception. The ‘artisticconception’ should also the highest goal to pursue for those mountainous architects when creating in real landscape environment.

意境的创造讲究情景相融,虚实相生。使人感受到象外之象、景外之景,从而获得情感体验和理念升华。从根本上说,山地建筑师要法从自然,有机协调建筑在环境中的各项关系。我将其归纳为以下三个层面:

Situation in harmony, false or true complement are the way to create ‘artisticconception’, that would make people feel the image behind what they see andsublime their emotional experience. The mountainous architects should respect the nature and deal with the relationship between building and environment organically. The experience could be summarized in three aspects as below:

·宏观层面:建筑与山水环境整体关系和谐。这个层面的“意境”是以青山碧水绿色植物为背景,建筑为点缀实现的,建筑师首先必须进行大视野、大纵深分析,遵循“对比协调”的处理原则对建筑的背景进行必要营造;

In the macro level, the harmony of figure-ground relationship among building and landscape is most important. The big landscape should be the background of small building. Firstly the architects should  analyse the environment in high coverage and Large depth and often have to reform the landscape with the rule of ‘Contrast Coordination’.

·中观层面:建筑与周边环境契合关系协调。这个层面上,自然山水植物和建筑高度融合,同为“意境”的主题;建筑师应充分理解用地特征,依循“有机融合”的处理原则对基地环境和建筑进行整体设计;

In the exosystem level, there should be a coordinate relationship as the building and its site landscape permeate each other. Architects should understand the feature of building and site, and design with the rule of ‘Organic Integration’.

·建筑层面:建筑单体和群体的关系自相似。这个层面的“意境”是通过建筑单体和建筑群体在形式逻辑和结构逻辑方面“统一变化”实现的。

In the micro level, single building and its group should have the relationship of self-similarity. To realize the ‘artisticconception’, the buildings should follow the rule of ‘unity and variety’ in formallogic and contextural Logic.

5、个性化点评

  Five Men, 睿智、犀利、工作狂老师,孜孜以求,“5+1”多的建筑羽客,齐天大圣。

6、代表作品介绍

representativeworks

重庆江北嘴中央公园基督教堂 The Christ ChurchCerter ParkJiangbei, Chongqing

   业主单位:重庆江北嘴中央商务区开发投资有限公司

   建设地点:重庆江北嘴中央商务区中央公园

   用地面积1660.5平方米,总建筑面积:1442.1平方米,建筑占地:624.35平方米

   设计时间:2007.08~2008.06,竣工时间:2009.04

   设计单位:重庆大学建筑设计研究院

   Design: The Institute of Architecture Design and Research, Chongqing University

   建筑设计:戴志中、褚冬竹、刘彦君、戴蕾

  Architecture DesignerDai Zhizhong, Chu Dongzhu, Liu Yanjun, Dai Lei

新颖的建筑形式并非建筑创作追求的唯一目标。为了方便普通市民识别,教堂被设计成典型的欧洲古典建筑风格。

The newfangled building from is not the only goal of architecture creation. In order to the citizen realize easily, this church was designed with the style of typicalEuropean Classic building.

教堂处于规模有限的公园中心位置,从所有方向都可以观赏,但它也分割了公园的整体空间环境,特殊的环境赋予了建筑师的创作灵感-极力消减建筑体量,弱化建筑对公园整体空间的分割和隔离。

This church was located in the center of a small park, which separates the park space and can be viewed from all direction. The special surrounding provided the architect the creation inspiration – making the building as small as possible and reducing the feeling of separated park space.  

设计利用地形高差将近三分之二的辅助空间布置在吊层内;地面上的礼拜堂采用正三角形平面,建筑形体三分外部空间,相对常规的矩形礼拜堂平面四分外部空间,人们可以感受到更多外部环境。从另一角度看,由于将教堂常规的轴线对称变为非常规的中心对称,有效强化了小建筑的空间中心感,使教堂成为公园环境中精致的标志物,创造出了以公园环境为背景的神秘与世俗有机融合的意境。

   All miscellaneous function was located in the lower part of the hillside church which is about two thirds the total floor area. The main hall of the church has a triangle plan that separating the outside  park space into three parts. Comparing to those regular churches with rectangle plan, the people can see and feel more environment. From other side, the importance of the mall church was emphasized as its centrosymmetry plan. the church has the qualification to dialogue with surrounding large building and become the landmark of the park.

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