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中国当代著名建筑师郭明卓

2014-2-11 14:50| 发布者: ccbuild| 查看: 1339| 评论: 0

摘要: 一、 基本信息: I. Basic Information 郭明卓,男,中国工程设计大师、国家特许一级注册建筑师、教授级高级建筑师。1943年5月生于上海。1966年毕业于上海同济大学建筑学专业。原任广州市设计院副院长、总建筑 ...

一、         基本信息:

I.   Basic Information

郭明卓,男,中国工程设计大师、国家特许一级注册建筑师、教授级高级建筑师。1943年5月生于上海。1966年毕业于上海同济大学建筑学专业。原任广州市设计院副院长、总建筑师,现任广州市设计院顾问总建筑师。

GUO MINGZHUO: male, the Engineering Design Master of China, Special First-class Registered Architect, Senior Architect at professor level. GUO MINGZHUO was born in Shanghai in May, 1943, and graduated from Architecture major of Tongji University in 1966. He was vice director and chief architect of GZDI, and now he is the consultant chief architect of GZDI.  

二、         获奖的荣誉及社会职务:

II. Honors and Social Positions

  1989年获国家科技进步二等奖;1989年广东省首届丁颖科技奖;1992年起享受国务院特殊津贴;1994年被评为建设部劳动模范;2004年被评为全国设计大师;2007年获广州市优秀专家称号。

He won the Second prize of Science and Technology Process Award, and  the First Guangdong Dingying Prize in Science and Technology in 1989.

He has enjoyed the State Council Special Allowance since 1992 and became a  Model Worker issued by Ministry of Construction in 1994, a National Design Master in 2004 and a Guangzhou Outstanding Expert in 2007

   1984年至今任中国建筑学会体育建筑分会委员;中国建筑学会第8届、第11届理事会理事、第12届常务理事;广东省土木建筑学会理事会副理事长;广东省建筑创作专业委员会主任委员;广东省环境艺术专业委员会副主任委员;广东省注册建筑师协会会长。

He has been the  member of Sports Architecture Branch ofArchitectural Society of China since 1984; furthermore, he is  the director of the 8th and 11th Board of Directors of Architectural Society of China, and the executive director of 12th Board of Directors of Architectural Society of China, the vice chairman of the Board of Directors of Civil Engineering Society of Guangdong Province, Chairman of Professional Committee of Architectural Creation of Guangdong Province, Vice chairman of Professional Committee of Environment Art of Guangdong Province, President of Registered Architects Association of Guangdong Province

三、         工作简历:

III. Experience:

196712月分配到贵州安顺3017厂从事建筑设计;

He was assigned to 3017 plant to engage in architectural design  in Anshun City, Guizhou Province in December, 1967.

19747月调回广州在广州氮肥厂扩建工程指挥部任技术员;

He returned to Guangzhou to act as technician in expansion construction headquarters of Guangzhou nitrogen fertilizer plant in July, 1974;

197712月调入广州市设计院从事建筑设计至今。

He was assigned to GZDI and has beenengaged in architectural design since December, 1977.

四、         主要作品及获奖情况:

IV. Major Works and Awards

   广州华侨酒店、广东东莞常平体育馆、东莞市政府办公楼、广东省党校教学综合楼等获广东省优秀建筑设计奖。

Guangzhou Overseas Chinese Hotel, Guangzhou Dongguan Changping Stadium, Dongguan Municipal Government Building, Teaching Building of Guangdong Party School, etc. won the Architectural Design Excellence Award of Guangzhou Province.

广州市老干部活动中心,获建设部优秀建筑设计表扬奖。

Activity Center of Veteran Cadres in Guangzhou won Architectural Design Testimonial Award of the Ministry of Construction

   广州天河体育中心,获 1989年国家科技进步二等奖、1990年国家优秀设计银质奖、

       1993年中国建筑学会优秀建筑创作奖(1953-1988)、

       2009年中国建筑学会建筑创作大奖(1949-2009)、

       1991年国际建协IAKS奖银质奖第一名。

Guangzhou Tianhe Sports Center won the second prize in National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology in 1989, Silver Medal of National Excellent Design in 1990; Architectural Creation Excellence Award (1953-1988) issued by the Architectural Society of China in 1993; Architectural Creation Award (1949-2009) issued by the Architectural Society of China in 2009; first place in Silver Medal of UIA-Union in 1991.

广州购书中心,获1999年全国优秀工程设计铜质奖、1999年建设部优秀工程设计二等奖。

Guangzhou Book Center won the Third Prize of National Excellent Engineering Design in 1999, and the Second Prize of Excellent Engineering Design issued by the Ministry of Construction in 1999.

广州天河城广场首期工程(购物中心),获2003年广东省优秀设计一等奖。

First-phase project (shopping mall) of Guangzhou TEEMALL won the First Prize of Excellent Design of Guangdong Province in 2003.

羊城晚报社印务中心,获2003年建设部优秀设计二等奖、2003年广东省优秀设计一等奖。

Yangcheng Evening News Printing Center won the Second Prize of Excellent Design issued by the Ministry of Construction in 2003, and the First Prize of Excellent Design of Guangzhou Province in 2003.

东莞常平文化中心,获2005年广东省优秀工程设计一等奖。

Dongguan Changping Cultural Center won the First Prize of Excellent Engineering Design of Guangdong Province in 2005.

广州体育馆(与法国ADP合作),获2008年度全国优秀工程勘察设计银奖、2008年度全国优秀工程勘察设计行业奖建筑工程一等奖、2009年中国建筑学会建筑创作大奖(1949-2009)。

Guangzhou Stadium(in cooperation with French ADP)won the Silver Prize of National Excellent Engineering Survey Design in 2008, the Industry Awards of National Excellent Engineering Survey Design and the First Prize of Architectural Engineering in 2008, and Architectural Creation Award (1949-2009) issued by the Architectural Society of China in 2009.

毛泽东遗物馆,获2009年中国建筑学会建筑创作大奖(1949-2009)。

Mao Zedong Relics Museum won Architectural Creation Award (1949-2009) issued by the Architectural Society of China in 2009.

南越王宫博物馆,2008年国际竞赛中标项目(在建)。

Guangzhou South Yue Palace Museum is the winning project in international competition in 2008(in constructing).

广东新兴禅泉酒店(在建)。

Guangdong Xinxing Chanquan Hotel (in constructing)

佛山市高明区文化中心,2011年中标项目(在建)。

Foshan Gaoming District Cultural Centre is the winning project in 2011 (in constructing).

厦门国贸中心,2012年中标项目(设计中)。

Xiamen China World Center is the winning project in 2012 (in designing).

五、建筑理论:

V. Architectural Theory

针对当前大型公共建筑设计的问题,提出“简化建筑”的口号是必要的,也是及时的。以下几点我希望与我国建筑师共勉:

It is necessary and time to put forward a slogan “Simplify Architecture” for existing problems on large-scale public architecture design. I hope I can share with domestic architects on following points:

1.去掉“表皮”,还建筑的本来面目。

Remove “Excessive Decoration on Surface”, restore the true architecture.

2.以功能决定空间,以空间的组织作为建筑造型设计的基础,不以凭空捏造的雕塑形象硬套建筑造型。

Determine space based on functions, take the space organization as the basis for shaping and designing architecture, avoid shaping architecture with imaginary sculpture.

3.建筑创作应以建筑的功能特点并结合自然环境和人文环境来创新,反对生硬的概念附会等庸俗设计手法。

Create architecture based on the function features and in light of natural environment and humanistic environment, and avoid vulgar designing mode like awkward conceptual imitation.

4.建筑的结构要合理,要表现结构的美感和力度,但不要随便挑战结构极限。

The structure of architecture should be reasonable, should perform the aesthetic perception and force, do not randomly test the structural limits.

5.注意建筑的空间尺度和细部处理,不做表面多余的外加装饰。

Pay more attention to the space scale and detail treatment of architecture, avoid excessive additional decoration on the surface.  

六、个性化点评:

VI. Personalized Comments:

1.    何镜堂院士认为:郭明卓善于抓住历史机遇,在改革开放进程的不同阶段为华南地区设计了一批优秀的建筑作品。他的设计作品始终着眼于建筑的本质,坚持理性的创作思维,弘扬了岭南建筑文化。

Academician He Jingtang said: GUO MINGZHUO is good at grasping the historical opportunity, he designed excellent architectural works for South China in different stages on reform and open of China. The design works of GUO MINGZHUO are always kept in step of the nature of architecture, GUO MINGZHUO perseveres in rational thinking on creation, and promotes the architectural culture of south of the Five Ridges.

2.    关肇邺院士认为:郭明卓的作品“能与时俱进,又不为时尚和流俗所影响,而保持了自己的风格和品位”,“更是对我们一些盲目崇拜、追随某些国外过分张扬个性、形象奇诡的设计的青年学生们的一份很好的教材和一剂良药”。

Academician Guan Zhaoye said: the works of GUO MINGZHUO are kept pace with the times, out of the influence from fashion and prevalent custom, and sticks to win style and taste; the works of GUO MINGZHUO are the good teaching materials and the best medicine for some overseas young students who always make excessively personalized designs with unnatural image.

七、代表作品介绍:

VII. Representative works

1.毛泽东遗物馆

Mao Zedong Relics Museum

建设地点:湖南韶山

Location: Shaoshan City, Hunan Province

业主单位:湖南省韶山管理局

Owner: Hunan Shaoshan Administration Bureau

总建筑面积:13000㎡

Overall floorage: 13000㎡

设计时间:2005年7月-2006年10月

Design in: July,2005 to October,2006

竣工时间:2008年5月

Completed in: May,2008

设计单位:广州市设计院

Designed by: GZDI

主创人员:郭明卓、郑启皓、黎家骥、郑展鹏

Creator in chief: GUO MINGZHUO, Zheng Qihao, Li Jiaji, Zheng Zhanpeng

设计充分体现对用地原有地形、地貌的尊重。建筑依山就势,层层叠落,采用分散式院落组合布局,设计了展现毛泽东同志作为中国人民的革命领袖的宏伟气魄和作风俭朴、平易近人的人格魅力。深入观察了韶山地区的自然环境和人文环境,把双坡屋顶、风火墙、吊脚楼……这些具有湖南民居建筑特色的建筑元素抽取出来,用现代建筑材料和手法加以演绎。意在历史与当代之间建立一座桥梁,引发人们对伟大领袖毛泽东的景仰和缅怀。

   设计利用地形现状的大高差,创造出了一个立体庭院空间。主轴方向的两进庭院处理颇有特色,缅怀厅大胆地放在第一进庭院的中央,是两条轴线的交汇点,顶上是缅怀广场的水池。在第二进庭院,首层在展厅中嵌入了三个小院,至二层又扩大为一个大庭院,空间形态和处理手法都有新的突破。

   The design of the Museum respects and retains the original landform and physiognomy. The architecture is arranged downwards tier upon tier in compliance with the landform in the combination of scattered courtyards, which veritably presents Mao Zedong's ambition, amicability and thrifty life as the revolution leader of Chinese people. After careful observation on the natural and humanistic environment of Shaoshan, architecture elements full of Hunan Folk Residence features are specially extracted, and reproduced with modern materials and design approach, including double pitch roof, fire wall and stilted house etc. The design aims to build up a bridge between the history and the present age, people will therefore respect and admire this Great Leader after learning his stories.

   A three-dimensional space is created from the considerable height difference of the landform. The design of the double courtyards on main axis is characteristic. The reminiscence Hall is boldly placed in the center of the first courtyard at the intersection of two axes, on the top of which is the pool of the Reminiscence Square. Three small patios are embedded in the Exhibition Hall on the ground floor of the second courtyard, and the space is expanded into a large courtyard on the second floor, resulting from a breakthrough of space manipulation and design approach.

2. 南越王宫博物馆

Guangzhou South Yue Palace Museum

建设地点:广州市中山四路

Location: Fourth Zhongshan Road, Guangzhou City

业主单位:广州市文化局

Owner: Guangzhou Bureau of Culture

总建筑面积:16846㎡

Overall floorage: 16846㎡

设计时间:2008年11月-2010年5月

Design in: November, 2008 to May, 2010

竣工时间:在建

Completed in: in constructing

设计单位:广州市设计院

Designed by: GZDI

主创人员:郭明卓、陈曦、朱文亮

Creator in chief: GUO MINGZHUO, Chen Xi, Zhu Wenliang

广州市南越王宫博物馆是以南越国宫署遗址为依托而建的大型遗址博物馆。项目地处广州市老城区繁华的商业中心区域。一期项目包括博物馆曲流石渠遗址保护主楼、陈列展示楼及设备及服务楼共三栋建筑。本方案为国际竞赛中标方案。

   设计以保护为前提,以考古发掘和研究为基础,以遗产本体为价值核心,围绕南越王宫御苑和反映广州两千多年城市发展历史的遗迹、遗物而进行。主要建设项目都尽量避开遗址开挖区域或重要遗址区域,利用已有的连续墙和建筑加以改造利用,用地中心位置主要作为遗址回填保护展示区,最大限度的保护了遗址的历史环境。

   同时,建筑立足于其所处的特定城市空间环境,在建筑布局体量和空间尺度上,既与遗址表现的广州古代城市肌理吻合又与周边现有的城市环境相协调统一,处理好其历史文化特质与周边商业氛围的关系,使二者和谐共存。

 The Museum is constructed on the site of the ancient Palace of Nanyue Kingdom located in the prosperous CBD of Guangzhou downtown. This design is the winner of international competition. The stone-structured trench Main Building, Exhibition Building and Service Building are to be constructed in Phase 1 of the project.

 With key mission to protect the site, the design is focusing on the royal court of Nanyue Kingdom Palace as well as the antiques and site manifesting the development history of Guangzhou for over 2000 years based on archaeological excavation and study, with the heritage itself being the core value. All major constructions are set away from the excavation area and main site. Existing continuous walls and buildings are renovated to protect the historical environment to the maximum, and a Backfill Protection Exhibition Zone is built on the hub.

 The architecture bases itself upon the surrounding urban space environment. It shows harmony with the texture of the ancient city of Guangzhou and the peripheral urban environment in the sense of architecture volume and space scale, the trait in terms of history and culture and the local business atmosphere therefore could co-exist in best concordance.  

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