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中国当代著名建筑师孙国城

2014-2-11 14:15| 发布者: ccbuild| 查看: 1646| 评论: 0

摘要: 2. 基本信息:Basic information 孙国城,男,1937年11月21日出生,新疆建筑设计研究院总建筑师,教授级高级建筑师,国家一级注册建筑师,Sun Guocheng, male, born on November 21, 1937, chief architect of Xinji ...

2. 基本信息:
Basic information

孙国城,男,1937年11月21日出生,新疆建筑设计研究院总建筑师,教授级高级建筑师,国家一级注册建筑师,Sun Guocheng, male, born on November 21, 1937, chief architect of Xinjiang Architecture and Design Research Institute, professor level senior architect, national first-class Registered architect;
3.教育和工作经历:
Education and Working Experience

1951年9月~1956年7月,就读于苏南工业专科学校建筑科(该校的前身是1923年9月由从日本留学归来的柳士英、刘敦桢等前辈创办的中国最早的建筑学科的专科学校。1927年后并于南京中央大学工学院建筑系。1947年在苏州恢复苏工专,1949年-1956年更名为苏南工专,学制为初中毕业后的五年一贯制,1957年院系调整迁并于西安治全建筑学院)。学校毕业后,分配到北京城市建设部民用建筑设计院设计三室,1957年10月请调乌鲁木齐新疆建工局设计室,即后来的新疆建筑勘察设计院,今天的新疆建筑设计研究院。历任建筑师,专业组长,副总建筑师,总建筑师等职。
1951-1956,Department of Architecture, South Jiangsu Technical School(formerly the earliest technical school of architecture in China established in 1923 by Mr.Liu Shiying and Mr.Liu Dunzhen, who were the pioneers returned from Japan. It is merged into the department of architecture, Institute of Technology, Nanjing Central University in 1927. Suzhou Industrial Specialized School was recovered in 1947 and renamed as South Jiangsu Technical School during 1949-1956.A five-year program after high school graduation was adopted. In 1957, the college with restructured department was moved and merged into Xi′an Metallurgy & Architecture Collage). After the graduation from school, Guocheng was assigned to Design to #3 Studio, Civil Architecture Research Institute, Beijing Ministry of Urban Construction, moved to Design Studio, Xinjiang Urumqi Construction Engineering Bureau (Xinjiang Architecture & Survey Design Institute or Today′s Xinjiang Architecture Design Research Institute) in October 1957 as architect, design team leader, deputy chief architect and chief architect.
主要设计作品有:自治区展览馆(1965年)、乌鲁木齐国际机场航站楼(1974年)、新疆人民会堂(1985年,1993年获第一届中国建筑学会建筑创作优秀奖)、新疆科技馆(1985年,1996年获全国城乡建设优秀设计三等奖)、新疆海德酒店(1997年,2000年获建设部优 秀设计三等奖)、乌鲁木齐国际机场T2航站楼(2000年,收编于1999-2005北京宪章在中国《中国建筑师作品集》)、新疆迎宴馆9号楼(2003年,2005年获建设部优秀设计三等奖)、新疆科技馆改扩建、新疆民族歌舞学校(分别获2009年全国工程勘察设计行业优秀设计二、三等奖)、昆仑宾馆南配楼和中楼维修改造以及喀什、伊宁、阿克苏、库尔勒、库车、吐鲁番、喀纳斯等新疆一批支线机场航站楼。
Design portfolio: Autonomous Region Exhibition Center(1956),Urumqi International Airport Terminal(1974),People′s Hall of Xinjiang(1985, 1993 outstanding award of architectural creation by Chinese Architecture Academy), Xinjiang Science&Technology Museum(1985, 1996 excellent design 3rd award by national urban and rural construction), Hoi Tak Hotel (1997, 2000 excellent design 3rd award by Ministry of Construction), Urumqi International Airport Terminal Ⅱ(2000,compiled into the collection of “1999-2005 Selected Works of The Chinese Architects” of “Beijing Charter in China”), Xinjiang State Guest Hotel Tower 9 (2003, 2005 excellent design 3rd award by Ministry of Construction), Xinjiang Science&Technology Museum Renovation&Extension project,Xinjiang Ethnic Song and Dance School (2009 excellent design 2rd & 3rd award by National Excellent Survey&Design Industry), Kunlun Hotel south podium and central tower renovation and the airport terminals in the regions such as Kashgar, Yining, Akesu, Korla, Kuqa, Turpan, and Kanas.

4.我的建筑观:
My architecture insights

①.“形成反映功能”是设计的基本点;
“For reflect function” is the fundamental point of design.

②.文化传统,地域气候,时代特征三者不可偏废;
The three integrated elements consist of cultural legacy, regional climate and contemporary identity.

③.建筑成果的感染力与方案设计的构想力成正比;
Impressive design depends on how it is conceived.

④.设计图纸有多深,建筑产品有多细;
More details in design drawings lead to more details in architecture work..

⑤.我的终生课题是《气候与建筑》
Climate and Architecture is the topic over my lifetime.

5.代表作品介绍:
Project highlights

①、新疆人民会堂,1985年建于自治区首府乌鲁木齐友好北路,业主为自治区机关事务管理局,用地面积10672㎡,总建筑面积30000㎡,1984-1985年设计,主创人员:孙国城,韩希琛、王小东,容积率0.64,绿地率36%,停车位大车20辆,小车90辆。
新疆人民会堂要求能容纳3000观众席,以及10多个地州市小会议厅和集中的多功能宴会厅,以满足自治区重大会议召开,兼能满足作为歌舞之乡的演出功能需要。设计通过现代设施和传统文化相结合,力求建成各族人民理想的艺术殿堂。会堂主体与会议宴会部分以不对称平面组合,使能分能合,便于使用与管理,通过体量上的方园组合,宽厚的琉璃檐部与细密的汉白玉排挂组合,赋予整个建筑以既浑厚粗旷又秀丽细腻的西域生土建筑气质。
People′s Hall of Xinjiang, built in North Youhao Road of Urumqi city in 1985 and owned by Government Administration Authority; 10,672㎡site area, 30,000㎡GFA, designed in 1984-1985; design team: Sun Guocheng, Han Xichen, Wang Xiaodong; 0.64FAR, 36% green coverage, parking space 20 for trucks and 90 for cars; feature to accommodate 3,000 audience, more than 10 conference halls for the states in Xinjiang and concentrated multi-functional ballroom to serve for major convention and performance events(Xinjiang is known as “home of song and dance”). Technological advances and traditional culture are integrated to create an ideal art palace for the people of all nationalities. The assembly hall and ballroom in asymmetric plan allow flexible configuration for use and management. Colorful glazed cornice coordinated with white marble gives the building unique character in combination of bold, simple, elegant and delicate architectural style in Western Region.

②、新疆迎宾馆9号楼,2004年建于乌鲁木齐延安路南郊野营地,业主为自治区机关事务管理局,用地面积8617㎡,总建筑面积28000㎡,2002年-2003年设计,主创人员:孙国城、范欣、秦霞,建筑层数局部八层,建筑高30.9m,容积率2.51。
新疆迎宾馆9号楼座落在新疆迎宾馆院内西侧边坡库区内,选址目的是避免破坏原有茂密的树林和减少建设过程中对已有接待楼的干扰,整个平面就是拆除库区,躲开古树后形成的轮廓范围。设计创意是尊重自然,建于树丛中溶合于环境。设计冒昧的将钢结构、玻璃顶,前后玻璃通透的概念引进四星级标准的政府接待宾馆大堂空间中。各层平面层次错落,形成6、7、8层组合。餐饮区总统套房临近原有水渠边,健身娱乐设施设在地下室及一层客房区下。游泳池与树林怀抱。
Xinjiang State Guest Hotel Tower 9, built in the campsite in the southern suburb on Yan′an Road of Urumqi city in 2004 and owned by Government Administration Authority; 8,617㎡ site area, 28,000㎡GFA, designed in 2002-2003; design team: Sun Guocheng, Fan Xin, Qin Xia; this tower is in 30.9m tall partially with 8 floors. 2.51FAR:
The tower is located within the warehouse area on the west of Xinjiang State Guest Hotel, where is a demolished warehouse area and sited at minimal impact to the built context including the existing planting, reception tower and historic trees. The design celebrates the natural resources which are integrated throughout the site and building. Steel structure, glass roof and visual connection concepts are incorporated in the design for the lobby of this four-star hotel to entertain the government guests. Floor plans are staggered to create Level 6, 7 and 8. The presidential suites and F&B area are in close proximity to the existing canal. Fitness and entertainment facilities are placed in the basement or below the guest room area on 1F. The swimming pool is surrounded by trees.


新疆迎宾馆游泳池  swimming  pool  of Xinjiang State Guest Hotel

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